A rancher is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the ranch that they own or rent, and breed, raise and sell animals from these ranch operations. Job responsibilities of a rancher include maintenance of financial records including business transactions, care and maintenance of the livestock, implementing and managing employment policies, hiring and management of employees, breeding and raising livestock, selecting crops, ranges, pastures, and feeds, and observing and inspecting animals for illness and diseases, as well as to ensure quality of product.
A high school diploma is typically required to be a rancher. Helpful job skills include attention to detail, good leadership skills, good communication skills, active listening, strong organizational skills, technical and mechanical knowledge, knowledge of the industry, and good management skills. The future job market outlook for a rancher is steadily declining.