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Row Crop Producer / Farmer


A row crop producer or farmer plants and harvests traditional row crops such as corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, potatoes, canola, sunflowers, flax, sugar beets, field pea, etc. independently or for a large farm or company.


row crop producer farmer


What responsibilities will I have?

  • Purchase seed from area dealer or company prior to beginning planting season in the spring
  • Perform tillage tasks in both spring and fall seasons
  • Operate farm equipment such as tractors, sprayers, loaders, discs, cultivators, planters, grain carts, and harvesters
  • Scout and inspect crops for need of pesticides, fungicides, or herbicides; spray as needed
  • Manage fertility levels and treat with appropriate product
  • Harvest crops once ready in fall
  • Perform routine and minor maintenance on equipment; prepare equipment for busy seasons
  • Manage grain and harvest inventory
  • Sell harvested product
  • Haul grain to elevators and/or processing plants via grain cart or semi-truck
  • If in a business or leadership role, manage bills and paperwork and maintain accurate records


What education and training is required?

A high school diploma is required to be a row crop farmer but an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in a relevant or supplementary field such as agribusiness, plant science, or agriculture would be helpful. Certifications such as a CDL or pesticide applicator licenses are also often desired.


To pursue a career as a Row Crop Producer:

The following high school courses are recommended: agricultural education courses, agricultural mechanics, plant science, biology, business courses, and mathematics.


Typical Employers:

Row crop producers may work independently on their own farm or they may work for large farms and agricultural companies that produce crops and crop-related products.


Future Job Market/Outlook

The future outlook for a row crop producer will be great over the next five years. 


Suggested Professional Organizations and Associations

  • American Farm Bureau Federation
  • National Farmers Organization
  • National Corn Growers Association
  • American Soybean Association
  • National Association of Wheat Growers
  • National Cotton Council of America
  • U.S. Canola Association
  • National Sunflower Association
  • State and local row crop organizations
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