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Marine Biologist



Marine biologists study aquatic organisms and their habitats.



What responsibilities will I have?

  • Design controlled laboratory and natural field experiments to meet objectives
  • Observe marine wildlife and organisms in their natural habitats
  • Inventory specific populations over periods of time
  • Collect water, mineral and plant samples to test in a laboratory setting
  • Measure water conditions to determine the value of life for aquatic organisms
  • Dissect and preserve marine life as well as samples for current and future studies
  • Study aquatic life diseases and create plans to control outbreaks
  • Monitor environmental pollution and create plans to notify government officials
  • Utilize various laboratory equipment and tools as well as computer software programs
  • Oversee activity and duties of assisting marine technicians
  • Follow up with employer and invested third parties with research findings
  • Write and publish journals or reports on research findings
  • Oversee the care and maintenance of aquatic animals in captivity or raised for research purposes
  • Serve as an expert regarding marine conservation and aquaculture practices


What education and training is required?

A minimum of a bachelor’s degree in marine biology or a closely related field is required to become a marine biologist. A master’s degree is often preferred, however.


To pursue a career as a Marine Biologist:

The following high school courses are recommended: agricultural education, biology, earth science, and mathematics.


Where can I work?

Aquaculture production farms, government agencies, universities, zoos, aquariums, and research firms employ marine biologists.


Future Job Market / Outlook

The future outlook for a marine biologist will be fair over the next five years. 


Suggested Professional Organizations and Associations

  • MarineBio Conservation Society
  • Society for Conservation Biology
  • American Institute of Biological Sciences
  • National Association of Marine Laboratories
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