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A geologist studies the earth’s crust, minerals, rocks, precious metals and gems, and fossils.



What responsibilities will I have?

  • Study characteristics of the earth, rock or minerals including magnetic fields and composition
  • Utilize various equipment such as magnetometers, seismographs and gravimeters
  • Prepare maps, charts and publications related to findings
  • Plan and execute minerals program activities and tests
  • Ensure the proper conservation of minerals and other earth matter
  • Aid in the exploration and recovery of minerals, metals, oil, natural gas and water deposits
  • May be charged with investigating geologic hazards or limitations in engineering and construction projects
  • Locate water resources underground
  • Remain up to date on new geological findings and technology


What education and training is required?

A bachelor’s degree in geology, geosciences, geophysics or a related field is required, but a master’s or doctorate degree is often preferred.


To pursue a career as a Geologist:

The following high school courses are recommended: agricultural education, chemistry, physics, earth science, biology, natural resources, advanced mathematics, and computer courses.


Where can I work?

Geologists work for research firms, environmental businesses, government agencies and universities.


Future Job Market / Outlook

The future outlook for a geologist will be fair over the next five years. 


Suggested Professional Organizations and Associations

  • The Geological Society of America
  • Association of Environmental & Engineering Geologists
  • American Association of Petroleum Geologists
  • American Institute of Professional Geologists
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