A geologist studies the earth’s crust, minerals, rocks, precious metals and gems, and fossils.
What responsibilities will I have?
- Study characteristics of the earth, rock or minerals including magnetic fields and composition
- Utilize various equipment such as magnetometers, seismographs and gravimeters
- Prepare maps, charts and publications related to findings
- Plan and execute minerals program activities and tests
- Ensure the proper conservation of minerals and other earth matter
- Aid in the exploration and recovery of minerals, metals, oil, natural gas and water deposits
- May be charged with investigating geologic hazards or limitations in engineering and construction projects
- Locate water resources underground
- Remain up to date on new geological findings and technology
What education and training is required?
A bachelor’s degree in geology, geosciences, geophysics or a related field is required, but a master’s or doctorate degree is often preferred.
To pursue a career as a Geologist:
The following high school courses are recommended: agricultural education, chemistry, physics, earth science, biology, natural resources, advanced mathematics, and computer courses.
Where can I work?
Geologists work for research firms, environmental businesses, government agencies and universities.
Future Job Market / Outlook
The future outlook for a geologist will be fair over the next five years.
Suggested Professional Organizations and Associations
- The Geological Society of America
- Association of Environmental & Engineering Geologists
- American Association of Petroleum Geologists
- American Institute of Professional Geologists
Current Job Openings
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